The driver uses this to control the direction of the vehicle by turning the wheels. If the steering wheel is not aligned properly, the vehicle's wheels could be out of alignment, or a suspension or steering component may be damaged.
This connects the steering wheel to the rack and pinion or the steering gearbox.
These components convert the rotational motion from the steering wheel into lateral motion to control the direction of the wheels.
These connect the rack to the steering knuckles. If the tie rod ends are not perfectly even on both sides, uneven wear on the tires may occur.
Provides assistance, making the steering wheel easier to turn. Without a power steering pump, turning the wheels would require considerable effort, especially with wider tires.
Positioned at the front of the engine, this belt turns the pulley on the power steering pump, which in turn pushes fluid through the steering system to assist in steering.
Locks the steering column so that the steering wheel will not turn until the key switch is released.
Part of the suspension system, shocks control the up-and-down motion of the wheels to mitigate the impact of road bumps.
Also part of the suspension system, struts combine a shock and a spring along with other components to support the vehicle's weight and structure.
A vehicle may have either leaf or coil springs as part of its suspension system. These springs absorb the weight of the vehicle and contribute to a smoother ride.
This bar connects one side of the suspension to the other, either at the front and/or the rear of the vehicle. It helps prevent the body from "rolling" while taking corners.
These arms link the suspension system to the vehicle's frame and control the vertical movement of the wheels.
The steering and suspension not only provide a smooth ride and direct the vehicle but also contribute to safety and overall performance. A well-tuned suspension ensures that the tires maintain contact with the road, preventing skidding around corners and enhancing vehicle stability.
Proper care for your suspension and steering systems can enhance both longevity and performance. Make it a habit to regularly inspect both systems. Aim to have your alignment checked at least once a year. During every oil change, ensure that your auto technician lubricates the suspension and checks the tire pressure—we take care of this at Yellow City Car Care! Also, consider rotating the tires at each oil change.
If you notice a shimmy in the steering wheel at higher speeds—typically between 55 and 75 mph—this usually indicates unbalanced tires. Consult your mechanic to have the tires rotated and balanced as soon as possible. An unbalanced wheel can lead to premature tire wear.